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Post-Displacement Employment and Health in Professional Iraqi Refugees vs. Professional Iraqi Immigrants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7173-4333
2012 (English)In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, Vol. 10, no 4, 395-406 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates employment and health outcomes in Iraqi refugees compared to Iraqi immigrants. We surveyed 148 Iraqi professional refugees and 111 Iraqi professional immigrants residing in the United States. We hypothesized that Iraqi refugees would report lower employment and worse self-rated health as compared to Iraqi immigrants. Logistic regression was used to test various models. Results showed that more immigrants were employed, as well as employed in their original profession as compared to refugees. Regardless of immigration status, participants' age and the way they rated their job played a larger role in health. The study is the first to demonstrate that, controlling for professional, ethnic, and cultural background, there are unknown mechanisms resulting in lower employment and skilled employment in refugees as compared to matched immigrant controls. Furthermore, satisfaction with the new work appears more important than employment, per se.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 10, no 4, 395-406 p.
Keyword [en]
Employment, immigrants, refugees, stress, work satisfaction
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-193815DOI: 10.1080/15562948.2012.717826OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-193815DiVA: diva2:603601
Available from: 2013-02-06 Created: 2013-02-06 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Arnetz, Bengt B.
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