2012 (English)In: Handbook of experimental pharmacology, ISSN 0171-2004, Vol. 207, 23-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Heparin and heparan sulfate share the same polysaccharide backbone structure but differ in sulfation degree and expression pattern. Whereas heparan sulfate is found in virtually all cells of the human body, heparin expression is restricted to mast cells, where it has a function in storage of granular components such as histamine and mast cell specific proteases. Although differing in charge and sulfation pattern, current knowledge indicates that the same pathway is used for synthesis of heparin and heparan sulfate, with a large number of different enzymes taking part in the process. At present, little is known about how the individual enzymes are coordinated and how biosynthesis is regulated. These questions are addressed in this chapter together with a review of the basic enzymatic steps involved in initiation, elongation, and modification of the polysaccharides.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 207, 23-41 p.
Research subject Pharmacology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194247DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-23056-1_2PubMedID: 22566219OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194247DiVA: diva2:604593