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Improved weight and nutritional status after mouth rinse with calcium phosphate solution at stem cell transplantation: An intervention study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Oral mukosit (OM) är en toxisk biverkan efter högdos cytostatikabehandling (HDC) och hematopoietisk stemcellstransplantation (HSCT). OM orsakar kliniska komplikationer samt negativa följder för patienten, som längre sjukhusvistelse, oral smärta, viktförlust och parenteral nutrition (PN).Syfte:Att undersöka om det föreligger skillnad i viktförändring och nutritionsstatus hos patienter som använder munsköljmedlet, Caphosol ® i tillägg till standardbehandling i jämförelse med standardbehandling vid behandling med HDC och HSCT.Metod:En randomiserad kontrollerad öppen studie där patienter > 16 år (n=40), behandlades med HDC, inför HSCT på Akademiska universitetssjukhuset, Uppsala. Patienterna randomiserades, 1:1, till oral standardbehandling och munsköljmedlet Caphosol® (EXP n=20) eller oral standardbehandling (KTR n=20). OM, oral smärta, viktförlust och dagar av PN registrerades och analyserades från baseline till 21 dagar efter avslutad HDC.Resultat:Caphosol ® hade ingen signifikant betydelse för viktförändringar mellan EXP- och KTR-grupperna. OM-smärta debuterade senare i EXP än i KTR-gruppen. KTR gruppen använde mer PN jämfört med EXP-gruppen.Konklusion:Caphosol ® hade obetydlig inverkan på förekomst, duration och svårighetsgrad av OM under HCT vid HSCT och därmed liten effekt på nutrition och vikt. Det förelåg ingen fördel att addera Caphosol ® till oral standardbehandling.

Abstract [en]

Background:Oral mucositis (OM) is a result of cytotoxic effects of high dose chemotherapy (HDCT) administered before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). It is a source of negative consequences for the patient, such as longer hospitalization, oral pain, weight loss, and use of parenteral nutrition (PN).Objective:To investigate whether there is differences in weight changes and nutritional status in patients receiving mouth rinse, Caphosol®, in addition to standard oral care (OC) compared to standard OC for HDCT and HSCT.Method:A randomized, controlled open study with patients > 16 years, treated with HDCT before HSCT at Akademiska University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Patients randomized 1:1 to standard OC and Caphosol® (EXP, n=20) or standard OC (CTR n = 20). Oral pain, weight loss and days of PN was recorded and analysed from baseline to day 21 post HDCT.Result:Caphosol ® had no significant impact on weight changes between EXP and CTR groups. OM-pain peaked later in the EXP group than in CTR. No significance in weight change between settings. CTR group had higher use of PN compared to EXP.Conclusion:Caphosol® had little effect on frequency, duration and severity of OM and thereby little effect on nutrition and weight. There was no advantage to add Caphosol ® to standard OC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Weight change, nutrition oral, mouth rinse, calcium phosphate solution, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Keyword [sv]
Viktförändring, nutrition, munsköljmedel, kalcium fosfat lösning, hematopoietisk stamcells-transplantation.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194277OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194277DiVA: diva2:604787
Subject / course
Public Health
Educational program
Master Programme in Public Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-02-12 Created: 2013-02-12 Last updated: 2013-02-12Bibliographically approved

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