The Liberal Trap: Peacemaking and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan After 9/11
2013 (English)In: Mediation and liberal peacebuilding: Peace from the ashes of war? / [ed] Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostić, London: Routledge, 2013, 57-75 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
By studying the negotiation of the Bonn Agreement for Afghanistan and its implementation, this paper argues that adding a reconciliation or transitional justice agenda to external statebuilding efforts does not resolve the problem of top-down imposition and regulation. Examination of the pre-negotiation phase showed that the Afghan parties were controlled and regulated from the outset by the external actors, led by US diplomats. The external agenda was heavily driven by Western security and statebuilding concerns, but in order to uphold an image of an intervention as normatively liberal, the concepts of national reconciliation and human rights were included in the Agreement. As shown in the study of the implementation phase, these concepts became a source of tension between Western statebuilders and the Western transitional justice community. The investigation reveals that each is seeking to impose their own agenda on the elected Afghan government, and are neglecting locally driven solutions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2013. 57-75 p.
, Routledge studies in intervention and statebuilding
peacebuilding, Afghanistan, negotiations, transitional justice
Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject Peace and Conflict Research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194364ISBN: 0-415-63835-6ISBN: 0-415-63835-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194364DiVA: diva2:605096