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Regeneration-associated WNT Signaling Is Activated in Long-term Reconstituting AC133(bright) Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells
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2012 (English)In: Neoplasia, ISSN 1522-8002, E-ISSN 1476-5586, Vol. 14, no 12, 1236-+ p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a genetically heterogeneous clonal disorder characterized by two molecularly distinct self-renewing leukemic stem cell (LSC) populations most closely related to normal progenitors and organized as a hierarchy. A requirement for WNT/beta-catenin signaling in the pathogenesis of AML has recently been suggested by a mouse model. However, its relationship to a specific molecular function promoting retention of self-renewing leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) in human remains elusive. To identify transcriptional programs involved in the maintenance of a self-renewing state in LICs, we performed the expression profiling in normal (n = 10) and leukemic (n = 33) human long-term reconstituting AC133(+) cells, which represent an expanded cell population in most AML patients. This study reveals the ligand-dependent WNT pathway activation in AC133(bright) AML cells and shows a diffuse expression and release of WNT 10B, a hematopoietic stem cell regenerative-associated molecule. The establishment of a primary AC133(+) AML cell culture (A46) demonstrated that leukemia cells synthesize and secrete WNT ligands, increasing the levels of dephosphorylated beta-catenin in vivo. We tested the LSC functional activity in AC133(+) cells and found significant levels of engraftment upon transplantation of A46 cells into irradiated Rag2(-/-)gamma c(-/-) mice. Owing to the link between hematopoietic regeneration and developmental signaling, we transplanted A46 cells into developing zebrafish. This system revealed the formation of ectopic structures by activating dorsal organizer markers that act downstream of the WNT pathway. In conclusion, our findings suggest that AC133(bright) LSCs are promoted by misappropriating homeostatic WNT programs that control hematopoietic regeneration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 14, no 12, 1236-+ p.
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Medical and Health Sciences Natural Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194365DOI: 10.1593/neo.121480ISI: 000313346200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194365DiVA: diva2:605144
Available from: 2013-02-13 Created: 2013-02-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Mats

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