Linking ice sheet and lake sediment archives of Be-10, 1468-1980 CE
2013 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, ISSN 0168-583X, Vol. 294, 524-529 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
As part of understanding and reconstructing our climate history it is important to investigate the link between climate and solar activity. Ice cores and ocean sediments have provided information on a range of timescales on atmospheric Be-10 production, which is a proxy for past solar activity due to its cosmogenic nature of production. We here present results from the first, to our knowledge, multi-centennial and annual resolution study of Be-10 in varved lake sediments. Varves were sampled over an interval covering the period 1468-2006 CE in sediment cored from Lake Lehmilampi in eastern Finland. The measured concentrations were converted into annual Be-10 deposition rates by using the weights of dried samples as an estimation of sedimentation rates and scaling the result from sampling to catchment area size. We compare the lake catchment Be-10 deposition rates to those derived from the Greenlandic ice cores NGRIP and Dye-3 along with past solar activity. Sediment Be-10 concentrations range 2.1-17.6 x 10(8) atoms g(-1). The high end of this range is represented by a limited number of samples, and the average is near the lower end at 4.1 x 10(8) atoms g(-1). The deposition rates range 0.5-3.9 x 10(6) atoms cm(-2) year(-1), with an average of 1.8 x 10(6) atoms cm(-2) year (0.057 atoms cm(-2) s(-1)). We note higher Be-10 deposition during the Sporer (similar to 1415-1535 CE) and Maunder (similar to 1645-1715 CE) solar minima, and also at the onset of the Dalton (similar to 1790-1830 CE) minimum. Equally high Be-10 values in the 1840s and lower deposition during the Dalton minimum are not consistent with contemporaneous solar activity. Although this may in part be a result of incomplete measurements in the 19th century, it also shows the complexity of deposition and the intricacy of reconstructing past solar activity from sediment Be-10 data. A comparison with ice core data reveals particularly good agreement between sediment and Dye-3 Be-10 flux around 1500-1750 CE.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 294, 524-529 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194212DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2012.05.024ISI: 000313234300101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194212DiVA: diva2:605169
12th International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS), 20-25 March 2011, Wellington, NEW ZEALAND