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Computer aided warfarin dosing in the Swedish national quality registry AuriculA - Algorithmic suggestions are performing better than manually changed doses
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
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2013 (English)In: Thrombosis Research, ISSN 0049-3848, E-ISSN 1879-2472, Vol. 131, no 2, 130-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction Warfarin treatment with a high time in therapeutic range (TTR) is correlated to fewer complications. The TTR in Sweden is generally high but varies partly depending on local expertise and traditions. A dosing algorithm could minimize variations and increase treatment quality. Here we evaluate the performance of a computerized dosing algorithm. Materials and methods 53.779 warfarin treated patients from 125 centers using the Swedish national quality registry AuriculA. If certain criteria are met, the algorithm gives one of seven possible dose suggestions, which can be unchanged, decreased or increased weekly dose by 5, 10 or 15%. The outcome evaluated by the resulting INR value was compared between dose suggestions arising from the algorithm that were accepted and those that were manually changed. There were no randomization, and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Results Both the algorithm-based and the manually changed doses had worse outcome if only two instead of three previous INR values were available. The algorithm suggestions were superior to manual dosing regarding percent samples within the target range 2-3 (hit-rate) or deviation from INR 2.5 (mean error). Of the seven possible outcomes from the algorithm, six were significantly superior and one equal to the manually changed doses when three previous INR:s were present. Conclusions The algorithm-based dosing suggestions show better outcome in most cases. This can make dosing of warfarin easier and more efficient. There are however cases where manual dosing fares better. Here the algorithm will be improved to further enhance its dosing performance in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 131, no 2, 130-134 p.
Keyword [en]
Anticoagulation, Atrial fibrillation, Computer-assisted therapy, INR, Warfarin
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194869DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2012.11.016ISI: 000313719400009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194869DiVA: diva2:606736
Available from: 2013-02-20 Created: 2013-02-19 Last updated: 2013-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Renlund, Henrik
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