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Självmord som ett avlägsnande från kommunikation: Ett nytt luhmannskt perspektiv på ett gammalt sociologiskt problem
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2013 (Swedish)In: Sosiologi i dag, ISSN 0332-6330, E-ISSN 1893-4617, Vol. 43, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

mer än 100 år har Durkheims makrosociologiska teori om självmord dominerat det sociologiska studiet av självmord. Denna utgår från Durkheims sociologiska metod att förklara kollektiva fenomen utifrån en förståelse av samhällets natur. Här föreslås en utveckling av den makrosociologiska teoretiseringen av självmord utifrån Durkheims sociologiska metod, genom att söka nya förklaringar till självmord som ett kollektivt fenomen i en annan förståelse av samhällets natur. I detta sammanhang tycks Luhmanns teori om sociala system särskilt relevant. Luhmanns teori är en modern generell sociologisk teori som utgör ett radikalt brott mot de sociologiska klassikerna. Den är vidare särskilt adekvat för att förstå dagens informationssamhälle. Syftet med denna artikel blir därmed att bidra till den makrosociologiska teoretiseringen av självmord genom att anta ett luhmannskt perspektiv på självmord enligt Durkheims metod för sociologiska studier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 43, no 1
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-195317OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-195317DiVA: diva2:607500
Available from: 2013-02-24 Created: 2013-02-24 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Suicide in Russia: A macro-sociological study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicide in Russia: A macro-sociological study
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work constitutes a macro-sociological study of suicide. The empirical focus is on suicide mortality in Russia, which is among the highest in the world and has, moreover, developed in a dramatic manner over the second half of the 20th century. Suicide mortality in contemporary Russia is here placed within the context of development over a longer time period through empirical studies on 1) the general and sex- and age-specific developments in suicide over the period 1870–2007, 2) underlying dynamics of Russian suicide mortality 1956–2005 pertaining to differences between age groups, time periods, and particular generations and 3) the continuity in the aggregate-level relationship between heavy alcohol consumption and suicide mortality from late Tsarist period to post-World War II Russia. In addition, a fourth study explores an alternative to Émile Durkheim’s dominating macro-sociological perspective on suicide by making use of Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems. With the help of Luhmann’s macro-sociological perspective it is possible to consider suicide and its causes also in terms of processes at the individual level (i.e. at the level of psychic systems) in a manner that contrasts with the ‘holistic’ perspective of Durkheim. The results of the empirical studies show that Russian suicide mortality, despite its exceptionally high level and dramatic changes in the contemporary period, shares many similarities with the patterns seen in Western countries when examined over a longer time period. Societal modernization in particular seems to have contributed to the increased rate of suicide in Russia in a manner similar to what happened earlier in Western Europe. In addition, the positive relationship between heavy alcohol consumption and suicide mortality proved to be remarkably stable across the past one and a half centuries. These results were interpreted using the Luhmannian perspective on suicide developed in this work. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 66 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 87
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 76
Keyword
Suicide, Russia, historical development, time-series analysis, age-period-cohort analysis, Émile Durkheim, Niklas Luhmann
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-195318 (URN)978-91-554-8602-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-04-12, IV, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-21 Created: 2013-02-24 Last updated: 2014-04-16Bibliographically approved

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