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Hybrid density functional study of electronic and optical properties of phase change memory material: Ge2Sb2Te5
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 113, no 3, 033510- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we use hybrid density functional (HSE06) to study the crystal and electronic structures and optical properties of well known phase change memory material Ge2Sb2Te5. We calculate the structural parameters, band gaps, and dielectric functions of three stable structures of this material. We also analyze the electron charge distribution using the Bader's theory of charge analysis. We find that hybrid density functional slightly overestimates the value of "c" parameter. However, overall, our results calculated with the use of hybrid density functional (HSE06) are very close to available experimental values than calculated with the use of Perdew Burke-Ernzerhof functional. Specifically, the electronic band gap values of this material calculated with HSE06 are in good agreement with the available experimental data in the literature. Furthermore, we perform the charge analysis and find that naive ionic model fails to explain the charge distribution between the constituent atoms, showing the complex nature of this compound.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 113, no 3, 033510- p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-195377DOI: 10.1063/1.4775715ISI: 000313670600020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-195377DiVA: diva2:607774
Available from: 2013-02-25 Created: 2013-02-25 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Structural, Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural, Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Functional Materials
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The search for alternate and renewable energy resources as well as the efficient use of energy and development of such systems that can help to save the energy consumption is needed because of exponential growth in world population, limited conventional fossil fuel resources, and to meet the increasing demand of clean and environment friendly substitutes. Hydrogen being the simplest, most abundant and clean energy carrier has the potential to fulfill some of these requirements provided the development of efficient, safe and durable systems for its production, storage and usage.

Chemical hydrides, complex hydrides and nanomaterials, where the hydrogen is either chemically bonded to the metal ions or physiosorbed, are the possible means to overcome the difficulties associated with the storage and usage of hydrogen at favorable conditions. We have studied the structural and electronic properties of some of the chemical hydrides, complex hydrides and functionalized nanostructures to understand the kinetics and thermodynamics of these materials.

Another active field relating to energy storage is rechargeable batteries. We have studied the detailed crystal and electronic structures of Li and Mg based cathode materials and calculated the average intercalation voltage of the corresponding batteries. We found that transition metal doped MgH2 nanocluster is a material to use efficiently not only in batteries but also in fuel-cell technologies.

MAX phases can be used to develop the systems to save the energy consumption. We have chosen one compound from each of all known types of MAX phases and analyzed the structural, electronic, and mechanical properties using the hybrid functional. We suggest that the proper treatment of correlation effects is important for the correct description of Cr2AlC and Cr2GeC by the good choice of Hubbard 'U' in DFT+U method.

Hydrogen is fascinating to physicists due to predicted possibility of metallization and high temperature superconductivity. On the basis of our ab initio molecular dynamics studies, we propose that the recent claim of conductive hydrogen by experiments might be explained by the diffusion of hydrogen at relevant pressure and temperature.

In this thesis we also present the studies of phase change memory materials, oxides and amorphization of oxide materials, spintronics and sulfide materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 98 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1062
Keyword
DFT, Hydrogen storage, Rechargeable batteries, Amorphization, Electronic structure, Crystal strcuture, Molecular dynamics, Diffusion, Intercalation voltage, High pressure, MAX phases, Mechanical properties, Optical properties, Phase change memory, Spintronics, Magnetism, Correlation effects, Band structure
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205243 (URN)978-91-554-8723-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-27, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-08-15 Last updated: 2014-01-08Bibliographically approved
2. First-Principles Studies of Materials Properties: Pressure-Induced Phase Transitions & Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-Principles Studies of Materials Properties: Pressure-Induced Phase Transitions & Functional Materials
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic) [Artistic work]
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents the first-principles studies of materials properties within the framework of the density functional theory (DFT). The thesis constitutes three main parts, i. e., pressure-induced phase transitions in solids, data-storage and clean-energy materials.

The first part focuses on the predictions of crystal structures and the determinations of electronic properties of Xe-H2, FeB4 and Co3O4. Pressurizing Xe-H2 compound yields the formation of H-rich Xe(H2)8, which can exhibit a metallic feature at comparatively lower pressure than pure hydrogen. Hard superconducting FeB4 gets transformed into a novel transparent phase under pressure owing to the enhanced overlap of atomic cores. Spinel Co3O4 undergoes the phase transition from a cubic to a monoclinic because of the charge transfer between cations via the increased 3d-3d interactions.

The second part involves the study of structural and electronic properties of phase-change memory materials (PCMs), i. e., Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) and Ga-doped In2O3. Van der Waals (vdW) interaction must be considered to obtain accurate crystal structure of layered GST. For Ga-doped In2O3 (GIO), the local structure of amorphous GIO is found to resemble that of amorphous In2O3, except the vicinity of doping atoms. The electronic property of a-GIO is metallic, which considerably differs from the semiconducting feature of the crystalline GIO. This emphasizes the contrast in the conductivity of the crystalline and amorphous upon phase switching of GIO.

The third part associates with the search for clean-energy materials, viz., hydrogen production, hydrogen storage and green Mg-ion batteries. For hydrogen production, the role of intrinsic point defects to water adsorption on ZnO(10-10) surface is investigated. The findings show that the Zn and O defect-sites are energetically not favorable for the water adsorption and dissociation. For the purpose of storing hydrogen in a solid phase, silicene, doped by alkaline and alkaline earth metals, is investigated. We find that Li-doped and Na-doped silicene can attain the superior storage capacity. For cathode material of Mg-ion batteries, Mg2Mo6S8, the diffusivity of Mg ions occurs through an available channel in the bulk with the onset temperature of 200 K.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. 69 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1254
Keyword
Density functional theory, Pressure-induced phase transitions, Ab-initio molecular dynamic, hybrid functional, Ab-initio random structure searching, Phase change material
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251343 (URN)978-91-554-9247-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-05, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-05-12 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2015-07-07

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Kaewmaraya, ThanayutRamzan, MuhammadLöfås, HenrikAhuja, Rajeev

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