uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Estimated Breastfeeding to Support Breastfeeding in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, ISSN 0884-2175, E-ISSN 1552-6909, Vol. 42, no 1, 29-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To evaluate the effects of estimated breastfeeding on infant outcomes in comparison to test weighing and to describe staff members experiences of estimated breastfeeding as a method for supporting the transition from tube feeding to breastfeeding. Design A mixed method evaluation. Setting Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Sweden. Participants The study included 365 preterm (25th36th gestational weeks) infants and 45 nurses or nurse assistants. Methods A retrospective comparative medical record study was used to assess infant outcomes during a period of test weighing (196 infants) and again after the implementation of estimated breastfeeding (169 infants). A qualitative survey was conducted to explore the staff experiences of estimated breastfeeding. Results No differences were found between groups regarding duration of tube feeding, length of hospital stay, gestational age, weight at discharge, and rate of any breastfeeding. Infants in the estimated breastfeeding group had a higher risk of not being exclusively breast milk fed than infants in the test-weighing group (OR = 2.76, CI [1.5, 5.1]). Staff perceived estimated breastfeeding as a more facilitative and less stressful method for mothers than test weighing. Some staff had difficulty following guidelines while simultaneously providing person-centered care. Conclusions Estimated breastfeeding is a nonintrusive and feasible method for assessing and supporting the transition from tube feeding to breastfeeding among preterm infants in a NICU. However, the increased risk for not being exclusively breastfed is of concern. Additional research is needed to assess whether this method is appropriate and feasible in varying contexts and cultures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 1, 29-37 p.
Keyword [en]
breastfeeding, medical record, neonatal intensive care units, preterm birth, tube feeding, qualitative research
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-195618DOI: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2012.01423.xISI: 000313728100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-195618DiVA: diva2:608325
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2013-02-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Flacking, Renee
By organisation
In the same journal
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 308 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link