uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hypoxia delay mating in the broad-nosed pipefish
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Courtship is often an important part of the reproductive process with functions such as ensuring reproductive compatibility, reducing hostility between the potential partners, and conveying individual quality. Except for the importance of the courtship behaviours themselves, latency until courting and mating is a key factor of the mating process. One factor in aquatic environments that has the potential to influence courtship behaviours is the level of dissolved oxygen, and hypoxic areas are currently spreading due to human activities, such as eutrophication. In this study we used the well-studied broad-nosed pipefish, Syngnathus typhle, to investigate the impact of hypoxia on reproductive behaviours preceding mating, on the latency until these behaviours occurred, and on the probability to mate. We found that time spent courting as well as probability to mate was unaffected by the oxygen treatment. Interestingly, we found that latency until courting and mating was prolonged in the oxygen-deprived environment. These results suggest that levels of low oxygen due to human activities can have implications for important aspects of reproductive behaviours.

Keyword [en]
Latency, Courtship behaviours, Syngnathus, Dissolved oxygen, Sex role reversed, Climate change
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-194676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-194676DiVA: diva2:608492
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-18 Last updated: 2013-03-22
In thesis
1. Sex in Murky Waters: Anthropogenic Disturbance of Sexual Selection in Pipefish
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sex in Murky Waters: Anthropogenic Disturbance of Sexual Selection in Pipefish
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Animals experience variation in their environment because of natural changes. However, due to anthropogenic disturbance, the speed and severity of these changes have recently increased. This thesis investigates how reproductive behaviours may be affected by human induced environmental change. In specific, I investigate how visual and chemical changes in the aquatic environment, caused by eutrophication, affect mating systems and sexual selection in fish. Broad-nosed- and straight-nosed pipefish, which both have been studied in detail for a long period, were used as model organisms. These two species are particularly suitable model organisms since they perform complex courtship behaviours, including the advertisement of ornaments and a nuptial dance. Further, two distinct populations were studied, one on the Swedish west coast and one in the Baltic Sea, as these two locations vary in the degree and extent of environmental disturbance, in particular turbidity. I found that changes in the visual environment had no impact on the development of female sexual ornaments in these sex-role reversed pipefishes, but it hampered adaptive mate choice. Turbidity also had a negative effect on reproductive success in the Baltic Sea population. Changes in the chemical environment in the form of increased pH reduced the probability to mate, while hypoxia did not alter mating propensity. However, hypoxic water delayed the onset of both courting and mating. Hence, human induced change in aquatic environments may alter the processes of sexual selection and population dynamics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 35 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1022
Keyword
Mating system, Mate choice, Courtship, Eutrophication, Turbidity, Hypoxia, Ocean acidification, Syngnathidae
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-195861 (URN)978-91-554-8603-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-04-19, Zootissalen, EBC, Villavägen 9, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-21 Created: 2013-02-27 Last updated: 2013-04-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
Animal ecology
Ecology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 412 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf