Hypomania spectrum disorders from adolescence to adulthood: A 15-year follow-up of a community sample
2013 (English)In: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, Vol. 145, no 2, 190-199 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: There is a lack of scientific knowledge about the broader spectrum of hypomania in adolescence and the course over time. To investigate this, we used longitudinal data spanning from adolescence to age 31 years.
Method: A community sample of adolescents (N=2300) was screened for depressive symptoms. Adolescents (16-17 years) with a positive screening and matched controls were interviewed with a structured diagnostic interview. A blinded follow-up assessment was conducted 15 years later, with a structured diagnostic interview covering the age span 19-31 years. Questions about treatment and family history were included.
Results: Ninety adolescents (16-17 years) with a lifetime hypomania spectrum episode (3.9% of the total sample) were identified: 40 with fullsyndromal, 18 with brief-episode (<4 day), and 32 with subsyndromal (1-2 main symptoms and 1-2 additional symptoms) hypomania. The hypomania symptoms reported by the fullsyndromal and the brief-episode groups were similar, whereas the subsyndromal group per definition reported fewer symptoms. Of the 90 adolescents with a hypomania spectrum episode, 64 (71%) participated in the follow-up interview. Mania in adulthood was reported by 2 (3%), hypomania by an additional 4 (6%), and major depression by 38 (59%). Incidence of mood episodes in adulthood did not differ between the subgroups of hypomania spectrum.
Limitations: 29% of the participants with hypomania spectrum were lost to follow-up.
Conclusion: The results indicate that only a small proportion of adolescents with hypomania spectrum episodes continue to have (hypo)mania in adulthood. Thus, maintenance or prophylactic treatment does not seem warranted for this group.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 145, no 2, 190-199 p.
Child and adolescent hypomania, Mood disorders, Long-term follow-up
Research subject Psychiatry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-196000DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.07.031ISI: 000314092100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-196000DiVA: diva2:609158