Data on contemporary real-world outcomes of interventional revascularization in patients > or = 75 y of age with ST elevation infarction (STEMI) are limited.
We analyzed all 504 consecutive patients who underwent angiography for acute STEMI between 1999 and 2005 at our center, and followed them up over one year. Outcomes in patients > or = 75 y of age were compared with younger patients.
Patients > or = 75 y of age (n = 115) were majority females (55% versus 21%, p < 0.001), more cases of diabetes (42% versus 27%, p = 0.004), hypertension (78% versus 65%, p = 0.03) and a history of coronary events (25% versus 15%, p = 0.002). Younger patients were more often smokers (63% versus 30%, p < 0.001). After coronary angiography patients > or = 75 y of age underwent less frequent intervention (PCI; 84% versus 93%, p = 0.01). However, if PCI was performed, technical success rates were similar to younger patients (84% versus 86%). The 30-d mortality was 13% versus 6.4% (p = 0.03), but after successful PCI, the 30-d mortality rate was not significantly higher in old patients (7.4% versus 3.9%, p = 0.23). Bleeding complications were very low in both age groups if the radial access route was chosen. Multivariate predictors of 30-d mortality were cardiogenic shock/survived cardiac arrest, ejection fraction < 30%, conservative treatment or unsuccessful PCI (OR 3.01), renal insufficiency, diabetes, and age. One-y mortality was higher in the elderly (24.3% versus 9.9%, p < 0.001). Among 30-d-survivors, only multivessel disease and age were multivariate predictors of 1-y mortality.
Patients > or = 75 y of age benefit from PCI in STEMI, and failed or unattempted PCI worsens prognosis in the old as well as in younger patients.
2009. Vol. 32, no 2, 87-93 p.