High Tau Levels in Cerebrospinal Fluid Predict Rapid Decline and Increased Dementia Mortality in Alzheimer's Disease
2014 (English)In: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, ISSN 1420-8008, E-ISSN 1421-9824, Vol. 37, no 3-4, 196-206 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid beta(42) (A beta(42)), total tau (t-tau) and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) are useful as predictors of conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. However, results are contradictory as to whether these biomarkers reflect the future rate of clinical decline. Methods: This is a retrospective study on 196 patients with AD [mild/moderate AD (n = 72) or AD-MCI (n = 124) at baseline] with a follow-up period of 2-9 years' duration (median 6 years). Lumbar punctures were performed at baseline as a part of the diagnostic procedure. Results: We found an increased risk of rapid cognitive decline defined as a drop in the Mini-Mental State Examination score of = 4 points/year in patients with CSF t-tau concentrations above the median (OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.53-7.16) and CSF p-tau above the median (OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.21-5.26). Patients with CSF t-tau in the highest quartile had a higher risk of dying in severe dementia (HR 4.67, 95% CI 1.16-18.82). Conclusions: In this large AD cohort, we found an association between high levels of CSF t-tau and p-tau and a more aggressive course of the disease, measured as a rapid cognitive decline and a higher risk of dying in severe dementia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 37, no 3-4, 196-206 p.
Alzheimer’s disease, tau, p-tau, beta-amyloid, CSF, rapid cognitive decline, dying in severe dementia, mortality
Geriatrics Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Medical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-196964DOI: 10.1159/000355556ISI: 000335227300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-196964DiVA: diva2:611258