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Novel Loci for Adiponectin Levels and Their Influence on Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Traits: A Multi-Ethnic Meta-Analysis of 45,891 Individuals
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2012 (English)In: PLOS Genetics, ISSN 1553-7404, Vol. 8, no 3, e1002607- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Circulating levels of adiponectin, a hormone produced predominantly by adipocytes, are highly heritable and are inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and other metabolic traits. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in 39,883 individuals of European ancestry to identify genes associated with metabolic disease. We identified 8 novel loci associated with adiponectin levels and confirmed 2 previously reported loci (P=4.5 x 10(-8)-1.2 x 10(-43)). Using a novel method to combine data across ethnicities (N = 4,232 African Americans, N = 1,776 Asians, and N = 29,347 Europeans), we identified two additional novel loci. Expression analyses of 436 human adipocyte samples revealed that mRNA levels of 18 genes at candidate regions were associated with adiponectin concentrations after accounting for multiple testing (p<3 x 10(-4)). We next developed a multi-SNP genotypic risk score to test the association of adiponectin decreasing risk alleles on metabolic traits and diseases using consortia-level meta-analytic data. This risk score was associated with increased risk of T2D (p=4.3 x 10(-3), n = 22,044), increased triglycerides (p=2.6 x 10(-14), n = 93,440), increased waist-to-hip ratio (p=1.8 x 10(-5), n = 77,167), increased glucose two hours post oral glucose tolerance testing (p=4.4 x 10(-3), n = 15,234), increased fasting insulin (p = 0.015, n = 48,238), but with lower in HDL-cholesterol concentrations (p=4.5x10(-13), n = 96,748) and decreased BMI (p= 1.4 x 10(-14), n = 121,335). These findings identify novel genetic determinants of adiponectin levels, which, taken together, influence risk of T2D and markers of insulin resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 8, no 3, e1002607- p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-196970DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002607ISI: 000302254800080PubMedID: 22479202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-196970DiVA: diva2:611288

Group Author(s): DIAGRAM Consortium ; MAGIC Consortium ; GLGC Investigators ; MuTHER Consortium

Ann-Christine Syvänen (Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper) is a member of the MAGIC Consortium

For complete list of Consortia Authors see http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002607

Available from: 2013-03-15 Created: 2013-03-15 Last updated: 2013-03-15Bibliographically approved

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Richards, J. Brent
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