Ancient DNA Preserved in 5000 Year Old Hedgehog Bones
2010 (English)In: The Gotland Papers: Selected Papers from the VII International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific : Migration, Identity, and Cultural Heritage / [ed] Paul Wallin, Helene Martinsson Wallin, Gotland University Press, 2010, 507-510 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
The patterns of DNA degradation are partly known. Cold and dry environments with a neutral or slightly above neutral pH will preserve DNA better than hot, humid, or acidic conditions. But little is yet known on what types of material preserves DNA. So far, most of the genetic studies on ancient specimens have been conducted on mammals with large bones, few studies have been done on micro mammals. Here we investigate the possibility to retrieve DNA from small mammalian bones, from hedgehogs, from the Baltic island Gotland. We use bones from ancient hedgehogs from known archaeological sites. Of the 13 samples used in the study, all between 5000 and 1000 years old, 6 yielded reproducible DNA that could be assigned to hedgehog. We conclude that it is possible to retrieve DNA, and that this opens the possibility to study early migrations routs to the Baltic island Gotland.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gotland University Press, 2010. 507-510 p.
Gotland University Press, ISSN 1653-7424 ; 11
History and Archaeology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-1829ISBN: 978-91-86343-07-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hgo-1829DiVA: diva2:611372