Strain and doping effects on the energetics of hydrogen desorption from the MgH2 (001) surface
2013 (English)In: Europhysics letters, ISSN 0295-5075, E-ISSN 1286-4854, Vol. 101, no 2, 27006- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
On the basis of first-principles calculations we have systematically investigated the energetics of hydrogen desorption from the MgH2 (001) surface. Based on total energy and electronic structure calculations, two modes namely strain and doping of selected dopants (Al, Si, Ti) and the combined effect of both on the dehydrogenation energies (Delta H) of MgH2 (001) systems have been analyzed. The maximum improvement in Delta H has been obtained with the combined effect of doping and strain. Among all the dopants, Al gives the lowest value of Delta H when the system Al-MgH2 is subjected to a 7.5% biaxial symmetric strain whereas the Si-MgH2 systems show the least improvement in Delta H. The doping of Ti on MgH2 (001) is also very beneficial even without strain. The reduction in Delta H is caused by the charge localization on the metal atoms, destabilization and the weakening of metal-hydrogen bonds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 101, no 2, 27006- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197485DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/101/27006ISI: 000314677100029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-197485DiVA: diva2:613271