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Poor quality of antenatal care services-Is lack of competence and support the reason?: An observational and interview study in rural areas of Lao PDR
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
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2013 (English)In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 29, no 3, 195-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: to explore the health-care providers' performance and their own perceptions of the ANC services they provide. Design, setting and participants: this cross-sectional exploratory survey was carried out in 2009 at four district hospitals and 18 health centres in Khammouane and Champasack provinces in rural areas of Laos. Measurements and findings: combinations of quantitative and qualitative methods were used: (i) 59 observations of ANC sessions (components performed and equipment used); (ii) 26 semi-structured interviews with health-care providers engaged in ANC services, interpreted through content analysis. The findings indicated an overall poor quality and performance of ANC services in rural health facilities with lack of routines, scarce or insufficient equipment and limited skills among providers. The health-care providers gave an often pessimistic picture of their competence and motivation to work with ANC. Some articulated a resignation due to lack of feedback from the patients and they expressed a need for support from health-care superiors. Compared to the district hospitals, the health centres were less well-equipped and supplied, and the providers had a heavier workload, because all activities including ANC were carried out by the same provider. The average consultation time for each woman was 5 mins. Conclusions: the quality of ANC services in rural health facilities in Laos was poor due to lack of resources, the providers' limited skills concurrent with inadequate routines and insufficient backup from superiors. Implications for practice: to comply with national and international recommendations for ANC services, our suggestion is to improve the quality of the rural health facilities in Laos by providing basic equipment, support from experienced superiors and in-service training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 29, no 3, 195-202 p.
Keyword [en]
Antenatal care, Performance, Health-care providers, Rural Lao PDR
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197385DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2011.12.010ISI: 000315160100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-197385DiVA: diva2:613733
Available from: 2013-04-01 Created: 2013-03-25 Last updated: 2013-04-01Bibliographically approved

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