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East Africans in Sweden have a high risk for type 1 diabetes
Department of Pediatrics, Mälarsjukhuset, Eskilstuna, Sweden .
2012 (English)In: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 35, no 3, 597-598 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


To investigate the prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children with an origin in Sub-Saharan Africa in Sweden.


Nationwide register study based on retrieved prescriptions of insulin during 2009 in children aged 0-18 years. The study population consisted of 35,756 children in families with an origin in Sub-Saharan Africa and 1,666,051 children with native Swedish parents.


The odds ratio (OR) for insulin medication in Swedish-born children in families originating in East Africa was 1.29 (95% CI 1.02-1.63) compared with offspring of native Swedish parents, after adjustment for age and sex, and less common in children who themselves were born in East Africa: 0.50 (0.34-0.73). Offspring of parents from other parts of Sub-Saharan Africa had a comparatively low risk for insulin medication.


This study indicates that Swedish-born children with an origin in East Africa have a high risk of type 1 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 35, no 3, 597-598 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197827DOI: 10.2337/dc11-1536PubMedID: 22301119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-197827DiVA: diva2:614397
Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2013-04-09Bibliographically approved

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