Resilience as a Protective Factor Against the Development of Psychopathology Among Refugees
2013 (English)In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, E-ISSN 1539-736X, Vol. 201, no 3, 167-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Refugee research, to date, has predominantly focused on factors that make refugees more vulnerable for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or psychological distress. Few articles have studied potential protective factors such as resilience. A targeted nonrandom sample of Iraqi refugees (n = 75) and a control group of non-Iraqi Arab immigrants (n = 53) were recruited from a number of Iraqi/Arab community institutions in Michigan to complete a questionnaire that included measures for psychological distress, PTSD symptoms, exposure to trauma, and resilience. The refugees reported significantly more PTSD symptoms (t-test, p < 0.01) and psychological distress (p < 0.05) compared with the immigrants. There was no difference in resilience between the two groups. In linear regression, premigration exposure to violence was a significant predictor of psychological distress (p < 0.01) and PTSD symptoms (p < 0.01). After controlling for migrant status and violence exposure, resilience was a significant inverse predictor of psychological distress (p < 0.001) but not of PTSD. Resilience is associated with less trauma-related psychological distress and should be considered in assessing risk and protective factors among victims of war-related violence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 201, no 3, 167-172 p.
PTSD, psychological distress, immigrants
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197985DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182848afeISI: 000315653000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-197985DiVA: diva2:615013