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Hund i vården: Fysiska, Psykiska och Sociala effekter av arbete med vårdhund
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Pet therapy has existed as a concept since 1964 when the American child psychologist Boris Levinson coined the term. Nowadays Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) are both recognized concepts, and with progressed research the science of pet therapy increases.

Purpose: To summate the most recent science in pet therapy (therapy dog) research with focus on physical, psychical, and social effects.

Methods: Literature study/review with descriptive design, research on 21 articles published from year 2003 and onward. Articles used in the study were chosen through beforehand decided criteria, subject to quality rating, and summated in an overview. The main results were summated and presented in similarities and differences.

Results: The main result of the summation was that important results could be measured in each of the three fields of research. Physical/physiological effects: pain relief, differentiated results on vital signs, and increased activity. Psychical/psychological effects: the dog as a distraction, increase in motivation, and decrease in anxiety, depression and loneliness. Social effects: increase in perceived quality of life, and increased social behavior.

Conclusion: Many positive results have come from the use of therapy dog. More research is needed in each treatment area in order to reach knowledge of when in care therapy dogs can be used.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vårdhund som koncept har funnits sedan 1964 då den amerikanska barnpsykologen Boris Levinson myntade begreppet ”pet therapy”. Idag är Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) och Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) vedertagna begrepp, och i och med allt mer forskning ökar vetenskapen kring vårdhund.

Syfte: Att sammanställa den senaste forskningen kring vårdhund med fokus på fysiska, psykiska, och sociala effekter.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design, en granskning av 21 studier publicerade från år 2003 och framåt. De vetenskapliga artiklar som ingår i studien valdes efter förvalda kriterier, granskades i kvalité, samt sammanfattades i en artikelöversikt. Huvudresultat sammanställdes och presenterades i likheter och skillnader.

Resultat: Huvudresultat i sammanställningen var att viktiga resultat kunde uppmätas på alla tre undersökta områden. Fysiska/fysiologiska effekter: minskad smärta, skilda resultat på vitala värden, samt ökad aktivitet. Psykiska/psykologiska effekter: hunden som distraktion, motivationshöjande, samt minskad oro/ångest, nedstämdhet och ensamhet. Sociala effekter: ökad upplevd livskvalité, samt ökat socialt beteende.

Slutsats: Att använda sig av vårdhund har visats ge många positiva resultat på flera plan. Mer forskning inom respektive vårdområde behövs för att få kunskap om när vårdhund kan användas i vården.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 50 p.
Keyword [en]
Pet therapy, animal facilitated therapy, physical effects, psychical effects, social effects
Keyword [sv]
vårdhund, djurassisterad terapi, fysiska effekter, psykiska effekter, sociala effekter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198361OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-198361DiVA: diva2:615988
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-16 Created: 2013-04-14 Last updated: 2013-04-16Bibliographically approved

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