Making Ends Meet: Microwave-Accelerated Synthesis of Cyclic and Disulfide Rich Proteins Via In Situ Thioesterification and Native Chemical Ligation
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics, ISSN 1573-3149, Vol. 19, no 1- SI, 43-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The development of synthetic methodologies for cyclic peptides is driven by the discovery of cyclic peptide drug scaffolds such as the plant-derived cyclotides, sunflower trypsin inhibitor 1 (SFTI-1) and the development of cyclized conotoxins. Currently, the native chemical ligation reaction between an N-terminal cysteine and C-terminal thioester group remains the most robust method to obtain a head-to-tail cyclized peptide. Peptidyl thioesters are effectively generated by Boc SPPS. However, their generation is challenging using Fmoc SPPS because thioester linkers are not stable to repeated piperidine exposure during deprotection. Herein we describe a Fmoc-based protocol for synthesizing cyclic peptides adapted for microwave assisted solid phase peptide synthesis. The protocol relies on the linker Di-Fmoc-3,4-diaminobenzoic acid, and we demonstrate the use of Gly, Ser, Arg and Ile as C-terminal amino acids (using HBTU and HATU as coupling reagents). Following synthesis, an N-acylurea moiety is generated at the C-terminal of the peptide; the resin bound acylurea peptide is then deprotected and cleaved from the resin. The fully deprotected peptide undergoes thiolysis in aqueous buffer, generating the thioester in situ. Ultimately, the head-to-tail cyclized peptide is obtained via native chemical ligation. Two naturally occurring cyclic peptides, the prototypical Mobius cyclotide kalata B1 and SFTI-1 were synthesized efficiently, avoiding potential branching at the diamino linker, using the optimized protocol. In addition, we demonstrate the possibility to use the approach for the synthesis of long and synthetically challenging linear sequences, by the ligation of two truncated fragments of a 50-residue long plant defensin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 19, no 1- SI, 43-54 p.
Fmoc SPPS, Microwave assisted peptide synthesis, Native chemical ligation, Di-Fmoc-3, 4-diaminobenzoic acid, Cyclotide, kalata B1, SFTI-1
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198397DOI: 10.1007/s10989-012-9331-yISI: 000316287700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-198397DiVA: diva2:616150