An Extragranular Compartment of Blood Eosinophils Contains Eosinophil Protein X/Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin (EPX/EDN)
2013 (English)In: Inflammation, ISSN 0360-3997, E-ISSN 1573-2576, Vol. 36, no 2, 320-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Serum and plasma profiles of eosinophil protein X (EPX/EDN) and those of other eosinophil proteins differ in various conditions, suggesting a different mobilisation from storage granules. This work studied the subcellular localisation of EPX/EDN in non-primed and in vivo primed blood eosinophils from healthy and allergic subjects, during and out of the pollen season. Primed eosinophils contain easily mobilisable secretory proteins. By fractionation on sucrose density gradients, EPX/EDN localised in the specific granules as well as in a cytoplasmic extra-granular compartment of low equilibrium density that partially overlapped with vesicular structures, cytosolic proteins and plasma membranes. This compartment was clearly separate from the low density peak of ECP that increases during the pollen season. There were no significant differences in the amounts of EPX/EDN present in the low density peak of healthy and allergic subjects. Immuno-gold labelling electron microscopy showed EPX/EDN in specific granules, cytoplasm and associated to plasma membranes. In conclusion, substantial amounts of EPX/EDN localise in an extra-granular, low equilibrium density compartment of human eosinophils.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 36, no 2, 320-329 p.
intracellular localisation, sucrose density gradients, immunoelectron microscopy, pollen allergy
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198377DOI: 10.1007/s10753-012-9549-zISI: 000316020100008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-198377DiVA: diva2:616209