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Mutations in HNF1A Result in Marked Alterations of Plasma Glycan Profile
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2013 (English)In: Diabetes, ISSN 0012-1797, E-ISSN 1939-327X, Vol. 62, no 4, 1329-1337 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A recent genome-wide association study identified hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-alpha (HNF1A) as a key regulator of fucosylation. We hypothesized that loss-of-function HNF1A mutations causal for maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MOD?) would display altered fucosylation of N-linked glycans on plasma proteins and that glycan biomarkers could improve the efficiency of a diagnosis of HNF1A-MODY. In a pilot comparison of 33 subjects with HNF1A-MODY and 41 subjects with type 2 diabetes, 15 of 29 glycan measurements differed between the two groups. The DG9-glycan index, which is the ratio of fucosylated to nonfucosylated triantennary glycans, provided optimum discrimination in the pilot study and was examined further among additional subjects with HNF1A-MODY (n = 188), glucokinase (GCE)-MODY (n = 118), hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-alpha (HNF4A)-MODY (n = 40), type 1 diabetes (n = 98), type 2 diabetes (n = 167), and nondiabetic controls (n = 98). The DG9-glycan index was markedly lower in HNF1A-MODY than in controls or other diabetes subtypes, offered good discrimination between HNF1A-MODY and both type 1 and type 2 diabetes (C statistic >= 0.90), and enabled us to detect three previously undetected HNF1A mutations in patients with diabetes. In conclusion, glycan profiles are altered substantially in HNF1A-MODY, and the DG9-glycan index has potential clinical value as a diagnostic biomarker of HNF1A dysfunction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 62, no 4, 1329-1337 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198897DOI: 10.2337/db12-0880ISI: 000316526000043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-198897DiVA: diva2:619282
Available from: 2013-05-02 Created: 2013-04-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Gyllensten, Ulf

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