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A comparative study of tissue omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in benign and malignant pathologic stage pT2a radical prostatectomy specimens
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
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2013 (English)In: Urologic Oncology, ISSN 1078-1439, E-ISSN 1873-2496, Vol. 31, no 3, 318-324 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To analyze different polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUPA) tissue levels in malignant compared with benign prostatic tissue from the same prostate specimens. Materials and methods: Fresh frozen benign and malignant prostatic tissue was obtained from radical prostatectomy specimens in 49 men with pathologic stage pT2a prostate cancer. Histopathologic examination confirmed that all tissues from each prostate being analyzed were either completely benign or almost totally malignant. The PUFA composition in these tissues was determined by gas-liquid chromatography on a capillary column. The relative amount of each PUFA (% of total fatty acids) was quantified by integrating the area under the peak and dividing the result by the total area of all fatty acids. Results: Tissue levels of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, (C20:3w6), an omega-6 PUFA and a major precursor of omega-6 PUFA metabolites, were significantly higher in malignant compared with benign tissues (P = 0.002). Tissue levels of the downstream omega-6 metabolites, arachidonic acid (AA) (20:4 omega 6), and adrenic acid, (22:4 omega 6), were significantly lower in cancer tissues, (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.013, respectively). Overall, the total levels of omega-6 PUPA were lower in cancer (P = 0.001). Conclusion: We found that the omega-6 PUPA AA and adrenic acid are decreased in malignant prostatic tissues compared with benign tissues from the same prostates. These findings provide additional evidence that dietary fat is associated with prostatic carcinogenesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 31, no 3, 318-324 p.
Keyword [en]
Fatty acids, Arachidonic acid, Prostate specimens, Radical prostatectomy
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-199724DOI: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2011.01.014ISI: 000317169500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-199724DiVA: diva2:621051
Available from: 2013-05-13 Created: 2013-05-13 Last updated: 2013-05-13Bibliographically approved

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