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Simulation-assisted burn disaster planning
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2013 (English)In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 39, no 6, 1122-1130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to evaluate the Swedish medical systems response to a mass casualty burn incident in a rural area with a focus on national coordination of burn care. Data were collected from two simulations of a mass casualty incident with burns in a rural area in the mid portion of Sweden close to the Norwegian border, based on a large inventory of emergency resources available in this area as well as regional hospitals, university hospitals and burn centres in Sweden and abroad. The simulation system Emergo Train System® (ETS) was used and risk for preventable death and complications were used as outcome measures: simulation I, 18.5% (n = 13) preventable deaths and 15.5% (n = 11) preventable complications; simulation II, 11.4% (n = 8) preventable deaths and 11.4% (n = 8) preventable complications. The last T1 patient was evacuated after 7 h in simulation I, compared with 5 h in simulation II. Better national coordination of burn care and more timely distribution based on the experience from the first simulation, and possibly a learning effect, led to a better patient outcome in simulation II. The experience using a system that combines both process and outcome indicators can create important results that may support disaster planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 39, no 6, 1122-1130 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-199923DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2013.01.018ISI: 000324349700014PubMedID: 23462280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-199923DiVA: diva2:621813
Available from: 2013-05-17 Created: 2013-05-17 Last updated: 2016-04-19

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