A radio magnetotelluric study to evaluate the extents of a limestone quarry in Estonia
2013 (English)In: Geophysical Prospecting, ISSN 0016-8025, E-ISSN 1365-2478, Vol. 61, no 3, 678-687 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electromagnetic signals from distant radio transmitters in the frequency range 15250 kHz were measured to model an electrical resistivity structure beneath 7 profiles in the vicinity of the Karinu limestone quarry in Estonia with the aim to map the extent of the economically exploitable limestone. The resistivity models from a 2D inversion of determinant resistivity and phase values using an Occam type of regularization contained reasonably accurate information about the geometry, namely depth to the top and the bottom of the target high-resistivity limestone. The resistivity models correlated well with existing geological evidences as well as information from closely located boreholes. However, the sharp lithological boundaries seen in the boreholes were not resolved exactly in the resistivity models. This is probably because of the smoothing regularization used in the inversion process. Combined use of borehole data together with resistivity models resulted in two major geological interpretations; a) towards the western part of the existing limestone quarry there is a NNW to NS striking fault, covered by post-glacial sediments, b) a potential cost-effective exploitable area containing high quality highly resistive limestone is located south of the existing quarry. This case study shows the applicability of the reasonably fast radio magnetotelluric (RMT) method for the exploration of near-surface resources.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 61, no 3, 678-687 p.
Electromagnetics, Inversion, Resistivity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200047DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2012.01101.xISI: 000317604700015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200047DiVA: diva2:622929