Alcohol and Drug Use, Smoking, and Gambling Among Psychiatric Outpatients: A 1-Year Prevalence Study
2013 (English)In: Substance Abuse, ISSN 0889-7077, E-ISSN 1573-6733, Vol. 34, no 2, 162-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background and Aims: Studies of alcohol habits in general psychiatric populations are scarce. The objective was to investigate alcohol and drug use, smoking, and gambling in a clinical sample of psychiatric outpatients. A further aim was to study age and gender differences in the rates of these habits. Methods: Data were collected among psychiatric outpatients with mainly mood (47%) and anxiety (35%) disorders. A questionnaire package was distributed, including AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), DUDIT (Drug Use Disorders Identification Test), tobacco items, and gambling items. Two major drinking categories were formed: Nonhazardous alcohol use (NH) and Alcohol use above hazardous levels (AH). Results: In total, 2160 patients (65% females) responded to the questionnaire package. The AH rate was high among psychiatric outpatients (28.4%), particularly among young females (46.6%). Young female patients also reported a high prevalence of problematic drug use (13.8%). Problematic drug use, daily smoking, and problematic gambling were frequent. The unhealthy habits were linked to AH. Conclusions: Alcohol and drug use, smoking, and gambling are all highly prevalent among psychiatric outpatients. Young females are in particular need of attention. Interventions should be tailored for co-occurring psychiatric disorders and applied within routine psychiatric care.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 34, no 2, 162-168 p.
Alcohol and drug use, smoking habits, gambling habits, psychiatric patients
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200366DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2012.728991ISI: 000317742700015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200366DiVA: diva2:623448