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Knowledge about hepatitis B virus infection and attitudes towards hepatitis B virus vaccination among Vietnamese university students in Ho Chi Minh City: – A quantitative study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Hepatit B är ett virus med hög smittsamhet som är orsak till den vanligaste leversjukdomen globalt. I Vietnam är prevalensen av hepatit B hög.Syfte: Att undersöka vietnamesiska universitetsstudenters kunskap om hepatit B och attityder till hepatit B vaccination, samt att undersöka om det fanns någon skillnad mellan könen.Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med hjälp av en enkät. Studien genomfördes på University of Medicine and Pharmacy i Ho Chi Minh City. Förstaårsstudenter på sjuksköterske- och medicinsk teknikprogrammet valdes ut och 233 studenter fyllde i enkäten korrekt och inkluderades i studien.Resultat: Majoriteten av studenterna (95,3%) hade hört om hepatit B viruset (HBV) innan studien ägde rum. Fler än hälften av studenterna (55,4%) visste att HBV inte sprids genom att dela mat med en infekterad person, och 58,4% visste att HBV kan orsaka levercancer. Endast 47,6% visste att HBV är sexuellt överförbart och 39,5% visste att HBV kan smitta från mor till barn perinatalt. Fler manliga studenter än kvinnliga visste att HBV kan överföras genom att dela tandborste med en infekterad person (p= 0,026). Majoriteten av studenterna (93,1%) trodde att de skulle vaccineras mot HBV i framtiden.Slutsats: Studenterna visade att de hade kunskap i ämnet, men studien visar också på en viss brist på kunskap, som är allvarlig. Förbättrad utbildning om HBV är nödvändigt för att vietnamesiska universitetsstudenter ska utöka sin kunskap om HBV.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: The hepatitis B virus is highly contagious and causes the world’s most common liver infection. Vietnam is a country where the endemicity of hepatitis B is high.Aim: To investigate Vietnamese university students’ knowledge about hepatitis B infection and attitudes towards hepatitis B virus vaccination and to examine if there is a difference between genders.Method: A cross-sectional study with quantitative method using a questionnaire. The study was carried out at the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Ho Chi Minh City. First year students from the nursing and medical technician programme were selected and 233 students completed the questionnaire and were included in the study.Result: The majority of the university students (95.3%) had heard about hepatitis B virus (HBV). More than half (55.4%) knew correctly that HBV can not be transmitted by sharing food with an infected person, and 58.4% knew that HBV can cause liver cancer. Only 47.6% knew that HBV can be sexually transmitted and 39.5% knew that HBV can be transmitted from mother to child at birth. More male than female students answered correctly that HBV can be transmitted by sharing a toothbrush with an infected person (p= 0.026). Almost all students (93.1%) thought that they would receive HBV vaccination.Conclusion: The students showed insight into the subject, but the result also showed some gaps of knowledge among the university students considered as serious. Improved education about HBV is necessary for university students to increase their knowledge about HBV.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Hepatitis B, knowledge, attitudes, adolescents, Vietnam
Keyword [sv]
Hepatit B, kunskap, attityd, ungdomar, Vietnam
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200430DiVA: diva2:623542
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-28 Created: 2013-05-27 Last updated: 2013-05-28Bibliographically approved

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