Hormone replacement therapy improves contractile function and myonuclear organization of single muscle fibres from postmenopausal monozygotic female twin pairs
2013 (English)In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 591, no 9, 2333-2344 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ageing is associated with a decline in muscle mass and strength leading to increased physical dependency in old age. Postmenopausal women experience a greater decline than men of similar age in parallel with the decrease in female sex steroid hormone production. We recruited six monozygous female twin pairs (5559 years old) where only one twin pair was on hormone replacement therapy (HRT use = 7.8 +/- 4.3 years) to investigate the association of HRT with the cytoplasmic volume supported by individual myonuclei (myonuclear domain (MND) size,) together with specific force at the single fibre level. HRT use was associated with a significantly smaller (approximate to 27%; P < 0.05) mean MND size in muscle fibres expressing the type I but not the IIa myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoform. In comparison to non-users, higher specific force was recorded in HRT users both in muscle fibres expressing type I (approximate to 27%; P < 0.05) and type IIa (approximate to 23%; P < 0.05) MyHC isoforms. These differences were fibre-type dependent, i.e. the higher specific force in fast-twitch muscle fibres was primarily caused by higher force per cross-bridge while slow-twitch fibres relied on both a higher number and force per cross-bridge. HRT use had no effect on fibre cross-sectional area (CSA), velocity of unloaded shortening (V0) and relative proportion of MyHC isoforms. In conclusion, HRT appears to have significant positive effects on both regulation of muscle contraction and myonuclei organization in postmenopausal women.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 591, no 9, 2333-2344 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200673DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.250092ISI: 000318299200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200673DiVA: diva2:624808