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Skattning av ångest och depression hos prostatacancer patienter och deras partner: Kvalitetsäkring av frågeformuläret ”Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale”
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna tvärsnittsstudie var att undersöka hur prostatacancer patienter och deras partner skattar sina eventuella nivåer av ångest och depression samt att undersöka om skattningen mellan dessa två grupper skiljer sig åt. Syftet är även att kvalitetssäkra frågeformuläret Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) enligt ”Question-and-Answer”-modellen.

Metod: Kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med deskriptiv- och jämförande metod användes. Studien innefattade sex patienter samt sex partners, sammanlagt 12 personer. Datainsamlingen skedde med hjälp av enkäter.

Resultat: Både patienterna och deras partners skattar relativt låga nivåer av ångest och depression. Vid deskriptiv analys av skattningen framkommer att partners skattar högre nivåer av både ångest och depression än vad patienterna gör. Studiedeltagarna har i de flesta fall angett att de ej påverkats av faktorerna i ”Question-and-Answer” modellen. Detta då de flesta av deltagarna var helt säkra på sina svar och de ansåg enkäten ej innehålla svårförståeliga ord eller att påståendena var otydligt formulerade.

Slutsats: I denna förstudie sågs att partners skattade något högre nivåer av ångest och depression än patienterna. Detta är intressant och väcker behov av fortsatt forskning för att kunna dra några slutgiltiga slutsatser samt för att eventuellt kunna förbättra hjälp- och stödinsatser för dessa personer inom vården. Kvalitetssäkringen som utfördes visade att deltagarna ej påverkades av de fyra faktorerna i ”Question-and-Answer” modellen vilket tyder på att frågeformuläret HADS är väl utformat. 

Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate how prostate cancer patients and their partners estimate levels of anxiety and depression and whether the estimated levels differ between these two groups. The aim was also to assure quality of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) according to “Question-and-Answer” model.

Method: A cross-sectional study with quantitative method was used. The study included six patients and six partners, a total of 12 people. Data collection was done using questionnaires.

Results: Both patients and their partners reported relatively low levels of anxiety and depression. Partners reported higher levels of both anxiety and depression, than the patients themselves. The participants do not seem to have been influenced by the four factors in the "Question-and-Answer" model to a greater extent when they answered the HADS. The participants reported that they were confident of their answers and they considered that the survey did not contain incomprehensible words or that the allegations were vague formulated.

Conclusion: In this preliminary study we found that partners estimated slightly higher levels of anxiety and depression than patients. This is interesting and raises the need for further research in order to draw any definitive conclusions and to improve the help and support interventions for these persons in care. Quality assurance that was carried out showed that the participants were not affected by the four factors in the "Question-and-Answer" model, which suggests that the HADS questionnaire is well designed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
prostate cancer, anxiety, depression, patient, partner
Keyword [sv]
prostatacancer, ångest, depression, patient, partner
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200970DiVA: diva2:625458
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-05 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2013-06-05Bibliographically approved

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