Morphological differences in BMP-2-induced ectopic bone between solid and crushed hyaluronan hydrogel templates
2013 (English)In: Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine, ISSN 0957-4530, E-ISSN 1573-4838, Vol. 24, no 5, 1201-1209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The possibility to affect bone formation by using crushed versus solid hydrogels as carriers for bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) was studied. Hydrogels, based on chemical crosslinking between hyaluronic acid and poly(vinyl alcohol) derivatives, were loaded with BMP-2 and hydroxyapatite. Crushed and solid forms of the gels were analyzed both in vitro via a release study using I-125 radioactive labeling of BMP-2, and in vivo in a subcutaneous ectopic bone model in rats. Dramatically different morphologies were observed for the ectopic bone formed in vivo in the two types of gels, even though virtually identical release profiles were observed in vitro. Solid hydrogels induced formation of a dense bone shell around non-degraded hydrogel, while crushed hydrogels demonstrated a uniform bone formation throughout the entire sample. These results suggest that by crushing the hydrogel, the construct's three-dimensional network becomes disrupted. This could expose unreacted functional groups, making the fragment's surfaces reactive and enable limited chemical fusion between the crushed hydrogel fragments, leading to similar in vitro release profiles. However, in vivo these interactions could be broken by enzymatic activity, creating a macroporous structure that allows easier cell infiltration, thus, facilitating bone formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 24, no 5, 1201-1209 p.
Engineering and Technology Natural Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201244DOI: 10.1007/s10856-013-4877-6ISI: 000318510200008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-201244DiVA: diva2:626857