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Stressreaktioner hos patienter med diagnostiserad prostatacancer och deras partner: Med kvalitetssäkring av enkät "Impact of Event Scale”
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Prostatacancer är den vanligaste formen av cancer bland män i Sverige. Att få en cancerdiagnos innebär stress för både patienten och dess partner.Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka grad av stressreaktioner i form av undvikande beteende och påträngande tankar hos patienter med prostatacancer och deras partner. Ytterligare ett syfte var att kvalitetssäkra mätinstrumentets formulering och svarsalternativ.Metod: Arbetet var en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie. Datainsamlingen gjordes med hjälp av enkät “Impact of Event Scale” (IES) samt en enkät utformad enligt “The Question and Answer Model” (QAM) för att kvalitetssäkra IES. Enkäterna delades ut på kirurg- och onkologmottagningar i Uppsala och Falun under våren 2013. Studiens inklusionskriterier var att de patienter som tillfrågades vid ankomst till mottagningarna hade prostatacancer och en partner (n = 34). 12 respondenter deltog. Data analyserades deskriptivt och med Mann- Whitey-test.Resultat: Det visade sig att patienter (n = 6) med prostatacancer har måttlig grad av stressreaktioner i form av undvikande beteende. Partner (n = 6) till patienter med prostatacancer visade sig ha kraftig grad av stressreaktioner i form av påträngande tankar. Det gick inte att se någon signifikant skillnad mellan patienter och partners grad av stress. Majoriteten av deltagarna i studien (n = 11) var säkra på sina svar i enkät IES.Slutsats: Partners tycks ha en högre grad av stress än patienter med prostatacancer, vilket går i linje med liknande studiers resultat. Interventioner för att nå denna grupp och se till dess behov är önskvärt. Fler studier fodras. Det övergripande resultatet tyder på att mätinstrumentet IES är av god kvalitet och mäter det som är avsett att mätas.

Abstract [en]

Background: Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer among men in Sweden.Getting a cancer diagnosis is stressful for both the patient and their partner.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of stress responses in the form of avoidance behavior and intrusive thoughts in patients with prostate cancer and their partners. Another purpose was to assure the quality and design of the measuring instrument and its response options.Method: The study had a quantitative cross-sectional design. The data was collected using the questionnaire "Impact of Event Scale" (IES) and by a questionnaire framed according to "The Question and Answer Model" (QAM) to safeguard the quality of the IES. Questionnaires were distributed at surgical and oncology clinics in Uppsala and Falun during the spring of 2013. Inclusion criteria for the study were patients with prostate cancer and their partners (n = 34). 12 respondents participated. The data were analyzed descriptively and with Mann-Whitey test.Results: It was found that patients (n = 6) with prostate cancer have moderate degree of stress responses in the form of avoidance behavior. Partners (n = 6) were found to have strong degree of stress responses in the form of intrusive thoughts. Any significant difference between patients and partners dit not appear. The majority of study participants (n = 11) were confident of their answers in the IES.Conclusion: Partners seem to have a higher level of stress than patients with prostate cancer, which is in line with similar studies' results. Interventions to reach this group and ensure its need is desirable. More studies are lined. The overall results indicate that the measuring instrument IES is of good quality and are measuring the concepts that it indicate to measure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Intrusive thoughts, avoidance behavior, prostate cancer, partners, Impact of Event Scale
Keyword [sv]
Påträngande tankar, undvikande beteende, prostatacancer, partners, Impact of Event Scale
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201440OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-201440DiVA: diva2:627241
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-11 Created: 2013-06-11 Last updated: 2013-06-11Bibliographically approved

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