Comparison and analysis of protective tribofilms found on heavy duty exhaust valves from field service and made in test rig
2013 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 302, no 1-2 SI, 1351-1359 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Increasing demands from environmental legislations are changing the conditions that the valve system is exposed to in heavy duty engines. Increased pressures, higher temperatures and lower amounts of particulates which can build up a protective film are some of the increasing challenges which the system has to endure. Thick protective tribofilms found on heavy duty exhaust valve surfaces have been analysed with SEM, TEM, EFTEM, STEM-EDS, Nano-indenter and XPS in order to get a better understanding for the tribofilms properties. Two analysed samples are presented in this paper, from a field service truck and another from atest rig which uses vaporised engine oil to simulate the particle flow. The tribofilms are built upfrom several layers with varying compositions. Most of the material originates from oil additives, but also metallic oxides and other carbon compounds produced in the combustion system. The similarities between the rig generated tribofilm and the tribofilm found on the field tested valve verify the test rig behaviour and opens up for realistic wear testing where the importance ofthe protective tribofilm can be investigated in detail that is not possible in motor tests.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 302, no 1-2 SI, 1351-1359 p.
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201859DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2013.01.061ISI: 000322682800058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-201859DiVA: diva2:629560