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Sociala medier och levnadsvanor: Användning av Facebook och Twitter samt mat-, motions- och sömnvanor
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ohälsosamma levnadsvanor bidrar avsevärt till sjukdomsbördan. Allt mer tid spenderas vid skärm och forskning tyder på negativa effekter på mat-, motions- och sömnvanor. Teknikens utveckling har förändrat skärmtiden. Sociala medier har intagit en viktig plats i mångas liv och skärmtid är inte längre automatisk förknippat till faktorer såsom stillasittande samt möjlighet att äta mer. Forskning om levnadsvanor och sociala medier saknas.

Syfte: Att undersöka graden av användning av de sociala medierna Facebook och Twitter samt dess samband med de tre olika levnadsvanorna mat-, motions- och sömnvanor.

Metod: Deskriptiv, korrelativ tvärsnittstudie i form av en webbaserad enkätundersökning. Genom snöbollsurval rekryterades 150 deltagare i åldern 18-68 år. Inklusionskriterierna var att behärska svenska och vara användare av Facebook och/eller Twitter. Statistisk analysmetod var Spearmans rangkorrelation. Graden av användning av sociala medier var oberoende variabel och levnadsvanevariablerna var beroende variabler.

Resultat: Det fanns signifikanta samband mellan mycket tid vid Facebook och färre frukostmåltider, lägre totalt antal måltider samt högre intag av sötade drycker respektive snabbmat. Mycket total tid vid sociala medier var associerat med lägre totalt antal måltider, högre intag av sötade drycker respektive snabbmat samt färre timmar sömn. Inga signifikanta samband återfanns för lunchmåltider, middagsmåltider, grönsaker och rotfrukter, frukt och bär, sötsaker, snacks, motionsvanor, sömnstörningar samt tid vid Twitter.

Slutsats: Det fanns signifikanta samband mellan graden av användning av sociala medier och vissa aspekter av mat- och sömnvanor, men inte för motionsvanor. Effekterna av tid vid sociala medier skiljer sig från traditionell skärmtid. Studien introducerar ett outforskat område. Fördjupning kan leda till effektiva, kostnadsbesparande folkhälsokampanjer utifrån modern skärmtid och dess hälsorisker. Sociala medier är möjligen en framtida arena för hälsobudskap.

Abstract [en]

Background: Unhealthy lifestyles contribute significantly to the development of diseases, and the strain which this causes on society. An increasing amount of time is spent in front of a screen and research suggests that this have negative effects on food, exercise and sleep habits. Technological development has changed the screen time. Social media has taken an important place in many people’s lives and screen time is no longer automatically linked to factors such as sedentary behavior and the possibility to consume more food. There is a lack of research regarding lifestyle and social media.

Objective: To examine the relationship between the degree of usage of the social network sites Facebook and Twitter and food, exercise and sleeping habits.Method: A descriptive, correlative cross-sectional study in the form of a web-based survey. Through a snowball sample 150 participants between 18-68 years old were recruited. Inclusion in the study required participants to master the Swedish language and use Facebook and/or Twitter. Spearman's rank correlation was used for statistical analysis. The independent variable was the degree of social media usage and the lifestyles variables were the dependent variables.

Results: There were significant correlations between a large amount of time spent on Facebook and fewer breakfast meals, a lower total amount of meals, and a higher intake of sweetened beverages and fast food. A large amount of total social media time was associated with a lower total amount of meals, a higher intake of sweetened beverages and fast food and fewer hours of sleep. No statistically significant associations were found in analyzes of lunch, dinner, vegetables and root crops, fruits, sweets, snacks, exercise habits, sleep disturbances, and time on Twitter.

Conclusion: There were significant correlations between the degree of social media usage and some aspects of food and sleeping habits, but not regarding exercise habits. The effects of the time spent on social media differ from traditional screen time. This study introduces an unexplored area. Further development can lead to effective, inexpensive public health campaigns based on modern screen time and its health risks. Social media is pontentially a future arena for effective communication of health messages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
social media, Facebook, Twitter, lifestyle, public health
Keyword [sv]
sociala medier, Facebook, Twitter, levnadsvanor, folkhälsa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-201570DiVA: diva2:629638
Subject / course
Public Health
Educational program
Master Programme in Public Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-18 Created: 2013-06-13 Last updated: 2013-06-18Bibliographically approved

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