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Piston ring and cylinder liner wear aggravation caused by transition to greener ship transports: Comparison of samples from test rig and field
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. (Ångström Tribomaterials group)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2704-5447
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. (Tillämpad materialvetenskap, Applied Materials Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. (Ångström Tribomaterials group)
2013 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 302, no 1-2 SI, p. 1345-1350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

New and upcoming emission regulations for ships will push towards greener sea based transports. Changing the fuel, from heavy fuel oil to natural gas, is a promising approach to fulfil these regulations, but tribological problems are expected to appear when the sulphur-free gas replaces the sulphur-rich heavy fuel oil. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of sulphur for the high performance of current tribosystem in the cylinder. Field worn samples were examined and no tribofilm containing sulphur was detected, but grain refinement and plastic deformation was found below the sliding surfaces. A reciprocating test rig was used in order to simulate the tribological conditions for the piston rings and cylinder liner. Tests were run with fresh cylinder oil as well as with used cylinder oil, where the latter was used in order to simulate the chemical environment in the cylinder of an engine. Tribofilms were formed on the surfaces during these tests, and the tribofilms formed on samples run with used cylinder oil contained more sulphur than tribofilms formed on samples run with fresh cylinder oil. So far, we have not been able to see any beneficial effects of higher sulphur content in the oil.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 302, no 1-2 SI, p. 1345-1350
Keyword [en]
Piston ring/cylinder liner, Marine diesel engine, Sulphur, Tribofilm, Laboratory test
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-201977DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2012.12.028ISI: 000322682800057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-201977DiVA, id: diva2:630287
Conference
19th International Conference on Wear of Materials; Portland, OR, USA; April 14-18, 2013
Projects
Helios
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 265861
Available from: 2013-06-18 Created: 2013-06-18 Last updated: 2018-01-11
In thesis
1. Tribology for Greener Combustion Engines: Scuffing in Marine Engines and a Lubricating Boric Acid Fuel Additive
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tribology for Greener Combustion Engines: Scuffing in Marine Engines and a Lubricating Boric Acid Fuel Additive
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Tribologi för grönare förbränningsmotorer : Skuffning i fartygsmotorer och ett smörjande borsyrabaserat bränsleadditiv
Abstract [en]

This thesis aims at increased knowledge in two fields of tribological research; both related to making currently used combustion engines greener. The first field regards the possibilities of using a boric acid fuel additive to increase fuel efficiency. The second field is about the severe wear phenomenon scuffing, which can become problematic when cargo ships are operated on low-sulphur fuel to reduce sulphuric emissions.

Tribological tests were developed and performed to simulate the applications. Advanced surface analysis was performed to understand changes occurring on the outermost surface of sliding components, which affect friction and wear. Samples from engines were studied to verify the relation between the lab tests and the applications.

In the case of boric acid, the coefficient of friction was below 0.02 for large parts of the tests, but varied with test parameters. The corresponding reduction in friction was up to 78% compared with tests without the additive. As an attempt to assess if the substantial fuel savings found in field tests with passenger cars (6%) can be explained by friction reduction in boundary and mixed lubricated parts of the piston assembly, assumptions were presented that would lead to fuel savings close to these 6%. Boric acid was detected on surfaces after the tests, and the tribofilm appearance depended on test parameters. The tribofilms were shown to be affected by storage time and test temperature; a finding that is vital for future studies.

In the case of scuffing, mechanisms were studied and accumulation of wear debris had a significant role on scuffing initiation in the lab scale scuffing tests. Regarding the possibility to test materials scuffing resistance, there was a large scatter in the results, and thereby difficult to draw conclusions. Two new piston ring materials were identified to perform somewhat better than the currently used.

In conclusion, findings that could facilitate immediate improvement of fuel efficiency of today’s combustion engine vehicles as well as findings that strengthen available hypotheses on scuffing mechanisms are presented. The latter offers improved understanding of scuffing and thereby give possibilities to counteract the higher risk associated with operation on cleaner fuel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 97
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1607
Keyword
Friction, wear, lubrication, energy loss, atmospheric emissions, fuel efficiency, transport.
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear) Other Materials Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333430 (URN)978-91-513-0174-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-01-19, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-12-21 Created: 2017-11-29 Last updated: 2018-03-08

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Olander, PetraHollman, PatrikJacobson, Staffan

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