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The asymmetrical friction mechanism that puts the curl in the curling stone
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. (Tribomaterialgruppen, Tribomaterials group)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. (Tribomaterialgruppen, Tribomaterials group)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. (Tribomaterialgruppen, Tribomaterials group)
2013 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 301, no 1-2, 583-589 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Curling is an Olympic winter sport in which two teams slide stones across a sheet of ice towards a target area, some 28 m away from the release line. The sport has its name from the fact that the trajectory of a rotating stone becomes slightly curled, a fact used to reach open spots or take out opponent stones behind hindering “guarding” stones, etc. By slowly turning the stone clockwise when it is released, it will curl to the right, and vice versa. The resulting sideward deviation is typically slightly more than a metre. This intriguing tribological phenomenon has so far lacked a satisfactory explanation, although many attempts have been presented. In many of them, the curling motion has been attributed to an asymmetrical distribution of the friction force acting on the sliding stone, such that the friction on the rear of the stone (as seen in the direction of motion) is higher than that on the front. In a recent paper, we could show that no such redistribution of the friction, no matter how extreme, can explain the magnitude of the observed motion of a real curling stone. The present work presents an alternative asymmetrical mechanism that actually is strong enough to account for the observed motion. Further, in contrast to previous models, it satisfies other observed phenomena, including the independence of rotational speed of the stone and the strong dependence of the roughness of the stone. The model is backed up by experimental evidence and is based on the specific tribological conditions presented by the contact between a scratched curling stone and a pebbled ice sheet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 301, no 1-2, 583-589 p.
Keyword [sv]
Curling, is, asymmetrisk friktion, curl
National Category
Tribology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202043DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2013.01.051ISI: 000322555500076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202043DiVA: diva2:630670
Conference
Wear of Materials 2013
Available from: 2013-06-19 Created: 2013-06-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2013.01.051

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Nyberg, HaraldHogmark, StureJacobson, Staffan

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