Ranking line-depth ratios for determining relative star temperatures in dwarfs
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The central line-depths of absorption lines depend upon stellar temperature. By dividing the central line-depth of such a line with a central line-depth independent of temperature, a thermometer of relative star temperatures is obtained in the form of a line-depth ratio (LDR), once it is related to an effective temperature scale. Such thermometers are known to give precise results which is why the method is pursued. The purpose of this work is to rank LDRs according to a set of criteria to find the most suitable ratio to measure temperature. This is done based on a set of LDRs measured for a large sample of dwarf stars with known effective temperature, atmospheric pressure and chemical composition. Numerous LDRs are eliminated because their temperature dependence are limited to a short temperature interval. Further LDRs are eliminated due to dependence on the atmospheric pressure and chemical composition of the LDR. The remaining LDRs are ranked based on the strength of temperature dependence, the fit of the representative polynomial to the data points and the number of data points available. The best ranked LDR provides a temperature resolution smaller than 10 K over a temperature interval of 4500-6250 K, assuming an uncertainty in LDR of 0.01.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 30 p.
line-depth ratio, effective star temperature, ranking, dwarfs
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202315OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202315DiVA: diva2:631773
Bachelor Programme in Physics
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics