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Real-time simulation of diaphragm displacement during physiological and mechanical ventilation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Scientific Computing.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents a tunable 3D real-time interactive simulator of the geometrical displacement of the thoracic diaphragm during physiological and mechanical ventilation. Particular attention is placed on capturing the heterogeneous tissue composition while maintaining computational efficiency and accuracy. The long term goal is to establish an accurate theoretical model to complement the experimental and clinical studies of the side effects associated with mechanical ventilation and to overcome the ethical difficulties of performing time resolved studies on human patients. The deformations are modelled using a commercial 3D model and a mass-spring model together with distance constraints and Verlet integration. The simulator is easily adjusted in real-time to many different cases of ventilation and validated through inspection and comparison with existing models. More research is needed to validate the model using patient specific data, as well as extending the model to include additional physiological and pathophysiological components. Long term goals includes considering the microscopic aspects of cellular mechanics to capture the underlying causes of ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 65 p.
UPTEC F, ISSN 1401-5757 ; 13022
Keyword [en]
real-time, simulation, mass-spring, diaphragm, ventilation, respiration, surgery, simulation, deformation, soft-tissue
National Category
Other Medical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202329OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202329DiVA: diva2:631804
Educational program
Master Programme in Engineering Physics
2013-06-14, 2003, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, 752 37 UPPSALA, Uppsala, 16:15 (English)
Available from: 2013-07-04 Created: 2013-06-23 Last updated: 2013-07-04Bibliographically approved

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