ADHD symptoms, academic achievement, self-perception of academic competence and future orientation: A longitudinal study
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 54, no 3, 205-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the investigation of the effect of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on school careers there is a need to study the role of adolescent and childhood ADHD symptoms and academic achievement, and to incorporate measures that include the individual's perspective. Our aim was to gain an overview of the long-term development of school careers in relation to ADHD symptoms. We studied associations between ADHD symptoms and academic achievement at different time-points and future orientation at the end of high school, and assessed the role of self-perceptions of academic competence in these associations. Participants were 192 children (47% girls) with a range of ADHD symptoms taken from a community sample. Collecting data at three time points, in 6th, 11th and 12th grade we tested a structural equation model. Results showed that ADHD symptoms in 6th grade negatively affected academic achievement concurrently and longitudinally. ADHD symptoms in 11th grade negatively affected concurrent academic achievement and academic self-perception and future orientation in 12th grade. Academic achievement had a positive influence on academic self-perception and future orientation. Given the other factors, self-perception of academic competence did not contribute to outcomes. We concluded that early ADHD symptoms may cast long shadows on young people's academic progress. This happens mainly by way of stability in symptoms and relations to early low academic achievement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 54, no 3, 205-212 p.
ADHD symptoms in preadolescence and adolescence, academic achievement, self-perception of academic competence, future orientation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202364DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12042ISI: 000318441100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202364DiVA: diva2:631958