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Evaluation of Intracavity Optogalvanic Spectroscopy for Radiocarbon Measurements
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. (Ion Physics)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. (Ion Physics)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. (Ion Physics)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
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2013 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 85ASAP, no 14, 6790-6798 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ever since the first publication of intracavity optogalvanic spectroscopy (ICOGS) in 2008, this novel technique for measuring the 14C/12C ratio in carbon dioxide has rendered considerable attention. As a result, there are currently at least five different research groups pursuing research on ICOGS. With a claimed limit of detection of 10–15 (14C/12C), i.e., in the same order as accelerator mass spectroscopy, achieved with a relatively inexpensive and uncomplicated table-top system, ICOGS has major scientific and commercial implications. However, during the past 5 years, no research group has been able to reproduce these results or present additional proof for ICOGS’s capability of unambiguous 14C detection, including the authors of the original publication. Starting in 2010, our group has set up a state-of-the-art ICOGS laboratory and has investigated the basic methodology of ICOGS in general and tried to reproduce the reported experiments in particular. We have not been able to reproduce the reported results concerning the optogalvanic signals dependence on14C concentration and wavelength and, ultimately, not seen any evidence of the capability of ICOGS to unambiguously detect 14C at all. Instead, we have found indications that the reported results can be products of measurement uncertainties and mistakes. Furthermore, our results strongly indicate that the reported limit of detection is likely to be overestimated by at least 2 orders of magnitude, based on the results presented in the original publication. Hence, we conclude that the original reports on ICOGS cannot be confirmed and therefore must be in error.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 85ASAP, no 14, 6790-6798 p.
Keyword [en]
Intracavity optogalvanic spectroscopy, radiocarbon laser spectroscopy, 14CO2 lasers, 14C detection, CO2 oscillations
National Category
Analytical Chemistry Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Research subject
Analytical Chemistry; Ion Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202646DOI: 10.1021/ac400905nISI: 000322059600035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202646DiVA: diva2:632448
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-4422
Note

Anal. Chem., Article ASAP

Available from: 2013-06-25 Created: 2013-06-25 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Persson, AndersEilers, GerrietMukhtar, EmadPossnert, GöranSalehpour, Mehran

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