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Learning Benefits of Using 2D Versus 3D Maps: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Experiment
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
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2013 (English)In: Journal of geography (Houston), ISSN 0022-1341, E-ISSN 1752-6868, Vol. 112, no 3, 87-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The traditional important role of maps used for educational purposes has gained further potential with recent advances in GIS technology. But beyond specific courses in cartography this potential seems little realized in geography teaching. This article investigates the extent to which any learning benefits may be derived from the use of such technologies. A controlled experiment was conducted to examine whether information recall is improved when cartographic information on population distribution is presented in 2D versus 3D form. The results show statistically significant differences in learning benefits between the two formats, largely in favor of 2D representation. These findings suggest that learning benefits can be derived from paying greater attention to map format in educational settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 112, no 3, 87-96 p.
Keyword [en]
2D versus 3D maps, learning benefits, GIS, cartographic visualization, controlled experiment
National Category
Human Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202931DOI: 10.1080/00221341.2012.709876ISI: 000319170800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202931DiVA: diva2:634483
Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-07-01 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Thelin, Mikael
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Department of Social and Economic Geography
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