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A narrative review of factors influencing detection and treatment of depression in Vietnam
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition/Persson)
Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Mental Health Systems, ISSN 1752-4458, Vol. 7, 15- p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Depression is among the most common psychiatric conditions in primary health care, and constitutes an important part of the global disease burden. However, it is difficult to obtain comparable data on depression worldwide and models for treatment and intervention need to be locally adapted. We conducted a narrative review of research literature on factors that influence depression screening, diagnosis and treatment among the Vietnamese population. This explorative approach included studies describing: a) culturally or contextually specific risk-factors for depression; b) any depression treatment seeking or treatment acceptability/adherence aspects or; c) depression screening among Vietnamese patients. We searched the PubMed and Cinahl databases, as well as relevant Vietnamese peer-reviewed journals and this produced 20 articles that were included in the review. Our findings indicate the importance of considering somatic symptoms when screening for depression in Vietnam as well as the use of culturally adapted and dimensional screening instruments. Our study confirms that depression reflects chronic social adversity, and thus an approach to mental health management that focuses solely on individual pathology will fail to address its important social causes. Further studies should elucidate whether neurasthenia is a commonly used illness label among Vietnamese patients that coincides with depression. The tendency among Vietnamese to seek traditional Vietnamese medicine and meditation practice when experiencing emotional distress was supported by our findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 7, 15- p.
Keyword [en]
Vietnam, Depression, Mental health system, Depression screening, Depression treatment
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202471DOI: 10.1186/1752-4458-7-15ISI: 000318854200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202471DiVA: diva2:634841
Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2013-07-18Bibliographically approved

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Målqvist, Mats
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