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Effekter av lågkolhydratkost vid diabetes typ 2: En litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this review was to describe the effects of low carbohydrate diets in people with diabetes type 2. Methods: Review. An article search was made in the databases PubMed and Medline. The search resulted in 17 studies. After review and analysis of the studies main results five categories were highlighted; bloodsugar levels, HbA1c, weight, lipid levels and antidiabetic medications. Results: The results revealed that diets low in carbohydrates may reduce blood sugar levels, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c-levels in people with type 2 diabetes. A low carbohydrate diet may reduce body weight for people with type 2 diabetes, this was shown in 12 of 17 studies. Total cholesterol was reduced in six of 17 studies. A reduction of triglycerides was found in eight of 17 studies. LDL-cholesterol was reduced in four of the studies. HDL- cholesterol was increased in eight of 17 studies. Conclusion: Some of the studies showed positive effects of a low carbohydrate diet for people with type 2 diabetes, for instance improvements in blood sugar levels, bodyweight, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol. The study implies that a low carbohydrate diet may be an alternative for people with type 2 diabetes in short terms.Keywords: Diabetes type 2, diet, low-carbohydrate, ketogenic, HbA1c

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes type 2, diet, low-carbohydrate, ketogenic, HbA1c
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203660DiVA: diva2:637254
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-07-28 Created: 2013-07-17 Last updated: 2013-07-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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