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36 nyanser av torsk: en osteologisk analys av fiskben från Hemmor i Dalbo i När sn på Gotland
Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
36 shades of cod : an osteological analysis of the fishbones from Hemmor in Dalbo in När sn at Gotland (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper was to analyze fishbones from the Pitted Ware Culture settlement named Hemmor. in Dalbo, När parish on Gotland. The fishbones are unburnt and derive from one specific culture layer (c:6) in trench one VI:7, and radiocarbon dated to 2600-2300 BC cal.

In this paper I wanted to answer these following questions:1. What kind of fish species did they eat in Hemmor?2. How was the different fish species represented in the material?3. What kind of fishing methods did they use to capture the fish?4. Was the settlement named Hemmor used through the entire year?

The methods I used were both quantitative and qualitative. The identification of the different fish species was made by using modern reference material. All fragments were counted and weighed in order to estimate how the different fish species were represented at the settlement. To estimate season of catch and age , 10 vertebrae of cod was randomly picked out from the material.

The fish species represented in the material was : cod, herring, pike, perch, flatfish and whitefish/ salmon. The most common fish species in the material was cod.

The fishbone material from Hemmor was compared with three other Neolithic settlements in the Baltic sea region. The results were similar for two of the settlements while one differed some from the others.

The fishing methods based on the archeological findings at the excavation site, showed that the people at Hemmor could have used fish-forks, harpoons, fishhook sand fishing nets. The fish species in the material indicate that the Hemmor settlement was probably used throughout the year, which also was indicated from the 10vertebrae of cod, since it was caught during both summer and winter. Some of the other fishes indicated that the people in Hemmor also fished during the spring and fall.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 42 p.
Keyword [sv]
Fiskben, Hemmor, Ostelogisk analys, Gropkeramisk kultur
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203709OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203709DiVA: diva2:637413
Subject / course
Archaeology (HGO)
Educational program
International Archaeology Programme with osteological orientation (HGO)
Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-07-17 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved

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