Nutritional status and childhood wheezing in rural Bangladesh
2014 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, no 7, 1570-1577 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate the association between current childhood nutritional status and current wheezing among pre-school children in rural Bangladesh.
Matlab region, rural Bangladesh.
Children (n 912) aged 4·5 years. Anthropometric measurements of the mothers and their children were taken during a 1-year period from December 2007 to November 2008. Current wheezing was identified using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire. Serum total IgE was measured by human IgE quantitative ELISA. IgE specific antibody to dust mites (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) was measured by the CAP-FEIA system (Phadia AB, Uppsala, Sweden).
Wheezing at 4·5 years old was significantly associated with stunting (OR = 1·58; 95 % CI 1·13, 2·22) and underweight (OR = 1·39; 95 % CI 1·00, 1·94). The association with stunting remained significant after adjustment for sex, birth weight, birth length, gestational age at birth, mother's parity, maternal BMI, family history of asthma, socio-economic status, season of birth and intervention trial arm (OR = 1·74; 95 % CI 1·19, 2·56).
Stunting was a significant risk factor for wheezing among rural Bangladeshi children. Further studies will be required to confirm the relationship between nutritional status and allergic illnesses in developing countries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 17, no 7, 1570-1577 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203743DOI: 10.1017/S1368980013001262ISI: 000339620900018PubMedID: 23680045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203743DiVA: diva2:637503