The interdependence of structural and electrical properties in TiO2/TiO/Ti periodic multilayers
2013 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 61, no 11, 4215-4225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Multilayered structures with 14-50 nm periods composed of titanium and two different titanium oxides, TiO and TiO2, were accurately produced by DC magnetron sputtering using the reactive gas pulsing process. The structure and composition of these periodic TiO2/TiO/Ti stacks were investigated by X-ray diffraction and transmission electronic microscopy techniques. Two crystalline phases, hexagonal close packed Ti and face centred cubic TiO, were identified in the metallic-rich sub-layers, whereas the oxygen-rich ones comprised a mixture of amorphous TiO2 and rutile phase. DC electrical resistivity rho measured for temperatures ranging from 300 to 500 K exhibited a metallic-like behaviour (rho(473K) = 1.05 x 10(-5) to 1.45 x 10(-6) Omega m) with a temperature coefficient of resistance ranging from 1.20 x 10(-3) K-1 for the highest period (Lambda = 50.0 nm) down to negative values close to -4.97 x 10(-4) K-1 for the smallest one (Lambda = 14.0 nm). A relationship between the dimensions of periodic layers and their collective electrical resistivity is proposed where the resistivity does not solely depend on the total thickness of the film, but also depends on the chemical composition and thickness of each sub-layer. Charge carrier mobility and concentration measured by the Hall effect were both influenced by the dimension of TiO2/TiO/Ti periods and the density of ionized scattering centres connected to the titanium concentration in the metallic sub-layers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 61, no 11, 4215-4225 p.
Multilayers, Titanium oxides, HRTEM, Periodic structure, Electrical properties
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Electronics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204117DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.03.047ISI: 000320296300029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-204117DiVA: diva2:637772