Distinct Underlying Mechanisms of Limb and Respiratory Muscle Fiber Weaknesses in Nemaline Myopathy
2013 (English)In: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, ISSN 0022-3069, E-ISSN 1554-6578, Vol. 72, no 6, 472-481 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nemaline myopathy is the most common congenital myopathy and is caused by mutations in various genes such as ACTA1 (encoding skeletal alpha-actin). It is associated with limb and respiratory muscle weakness. Despite increasing clinical and scientific interest, the molecular and cellular events leading to such weakness remain unknown, which prevents the development of specific therapeutic interventions. To unravel the potential mechanisms involved, we dissected lower limb and diaphragm muscles from a knock-in mouse model of severe nemaline myopathy expressing the ACTA1 His40Tyr actin mutation found in human patients. We then studied a broad range of structural and functional characteristics assessing single-myofiber contraction, protein expression, and electron microscopy. One of the major findings in the diaphragm was the presence of numerous noncontractile areas (including disrupted sarcomeric structures and nemaline bodies). This greatly reduced the number of functional sarcomeres, decreased the force generation capacity at the muscle fiber level, and likely would contribute to respiratory weakness. In limb muscle, by contrast, there were fewer noncontractile areas and they did not seem to have a major role in the pathogenesis of weakness. These divergent muscle-specific results provide new important insights into the pathophysiology of severe nemaline myopathy and crucial information for future development of therapeutic strategies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 72, no 6, 472-481 p.
Actin, Contractile dysfunction, Limb muscle, Nemaline myopathy, Respiratory muscle, Weakness
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204291DOI: 10.1097/NEN.0b013e318293b1ccISI: 000319454400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-204291DiVA: diva2:638343