Acute Sleep Restriction Reduces Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescent Boys
2013 (English)In: Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105, E-ISSN 1550-9109, Vol. 36, no 7, 1085-1090 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Short sleep duration has been linked to impaired glucose metabolism in many experimental studies. Moreover, studies have reported indications of an increased metabolic stress following sleep restriction. Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of partial sleep deprivation on markers of glucose metabolism. Additionally, we aimed to investigate if short sleep duration induces a state of endocrine stress. Design: A randomized crossover design, with 2 experimental conditions: 3 consecutive nights of short sleep (SS, 4 h/night) and long sleep (LS, 9 h/night) duration. Subjects and Measurements: In 21 healthy, normal-weight male adolescents (mean +/- SD age: 16.8 +/- 1.3 y) we measured pre- and post-prandial glucose, insulin, C-peptide, and glucagon concentrations. Furthermore, we measured fasting cortisol, 24-h catecholamines, and sympathovagal balance. Results: Fasting insulin was 59% higher (P = 0.001) in the SS than the LS condition as was both fasting (24%, P < 0.001) and post-prandial (11%, P = 0.018) C-peptide. Pre- and post-prandial glucose and glucagon were unchanged between conditions. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index was 65% higher (P = 0.002) and the Matsuda index was 28% lower (P = 0.007) in the SS condition compared to the LS condition. The awakening cortisol response and 24-h norepinephrine were not affected by sleep duration, whereas 24-h epinephrine was 24% lower (P = 0.013) in the SS condition. Neither daytime nor 24-h sympathovagal balance differed between sleep conditions. Short wave sleep was preserved in the SS condition. Conclusion: Short-term sleep restriction is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity in healthy normal-weight adolescent boys. There were no indications of endocrine stress beyond this.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 36, no 7, 1085-1090 p.
Sleep deprivation, sleep quality, glucose metabolism, teenagers
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204274DOI: 10.5665/sleep.2816ISI: 000321039500019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-204274DiVA: diva2:638392