uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Impact of digitization for timing and pulse shape analysis of scintillator detector signals
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 720, 135-140 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we investigate the effects of full digitization of scintillator signals. The requirements on the analog to digital converter (ADC), in terms of sampling rate (f(s)) and bit resolution, are investigated. Two applications for scintillator detectors are studied, pulse timing and particle species identification. We find that signal reconstruction using sinc interpolation can be used e.g. for high-precision timing of a sampled electric pulse. Timing performances better than 6 ps (FWHM) were obtained if f(s) equals or exceeds twice the maximum frequency of the scintillator pulse. Failing to meet this criterion deteriorates both the performance of pulse timing and particle identification. We find that the bit resolution of the ADC is very important also for timing of pulses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 720, 135-140 p.
Keyword [en]
Scintillator, Digitization, Pulse shape analysis, Pulse timing
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204253DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.12.016ISI: 000320597900035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-204253DiVA: diva2:638440
Conference
2nd International Conference on Frontiers in Diagnostic Technologies (FDT), NOV 28-30, 2011, Frascati, ITALY
Available from: 2013-07-30 Created: 2013-07-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Making TOFu: Fusion Plasma Neutron Emission Spectrometry with a Fully Digital Data Acquisition System
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making TOFu: Fusion Plasma Neutron Emission Spectrometry with a Fully Digital Data Acquisition System
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

TOFu (Time-Of-Flight upgrade) is a fully digital data acquisition system based on 1 GSPS, 12 bit digitisers for the TOFOR (Time-Of-Flight spectrometer Optimised for Rate) fusion neutron spectrometer at JET. The system has been assessed, developed and subsequently tested during experimental campaigns at JET. A detailed presentation is provided, describing the electronics setup, as well as solutions to challenges related to time-alignment and synchronisation of the signal lines and digitisers.

The system enables kinematic discrimination of spectral background, based on associated time and energy measurements. This technique has been tested with synthetic data, evaluated, and compared to experimental results. The kinematic background discrimination method is shown to provide improvements in signal-to-background ratio of up to 500 % in certain spectral regions.

TOFOR is optimised for spectrometry of deuterium-deuterium fusion neutron emission at JET. The primary purpose of TOFu is to enable TOFOR to retain these spectrometric capabilities in the presence of a strong background of high-energy deuterium-tritium fusion emission neutrons, in a forthcoming deuterium-tritium fusion plasma campaign at JET. However, the improvement in signal-to-background ratio also allows for detailed studies of low-intensity spectral components, such as the contribution due to neutrons scattering off the internal wall of the JET tokamak before impinging on the TOFOR sight line. Satisfying experimental results pertaining to this aspect of spectral analysis with TOFu data are shown.

Finally, a conceptual backscattering time-of-flight spectrometer, based on deuterated scintillator detectors is presented. The backscattering time-of-flight technique is shown to be able to provide high-resolution spectrometric capabilities of deuterium-tritium fusion plasma neutron emission. Studies with synthetic data are used to demonstrate these capabilities and the effects of the developed background discrimination techniques on deuterium-tritium fusion neutron spectra obtained with the instrument.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 79 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1435
Keyword
fusion, plasma diagnostics, neutron spectrometry, TOFOR, tokamak, JET, digital data acquisition
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Research subject
Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304383 (URN)978-91-554-9708-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-25, Å4001, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-02 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2016-11-16

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Hellesen, CarlSkiba, MateuszEricsson, GöranBinda, FedericoConroy, SeanEriksson, JakobWeiszflog, Matthias

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hellesen, CarlSkiba, MateuszEricsson, GöranBinda, FedericoConroy, SeanEriksson, JakobWeiszflog, Matthias
By organisation
Applied Nuclear Physics
In the same journal
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 7197 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf